A Bee-Species Has Evolved To Pollinate Snapdragons
Of course all living organisms evolve in accordance with the state of the environment. You all know that plants are pollinated by a variety of insects, especially bees. Insects do not typically evolve in order to adapt to evolutionary changes of the flowers that they pollinate. Typically, if not always, nature has it the other way around. Plants will evolve in order to conform to the way pollinating insects evolve. However, researchers have finally found an exception to this rule. There is at least one group of insects in the world that have adapted to conform to anatomical changes in the flowers that they pollinate.
According to professor, and leader of the research team that discovered the strange case of insect adaptation, Anton Pauw, in order for flowers to successfully reproduce, they have learned to adapt quickly to changes in their pollinators anatomy or behavior. However, Dr. Pauw has recently discovered that a little known bee species, referred to as Rediviva, has developed extra long front legs in order to reach the oil located deep within a snapdragon’s twin spurs. The rare bee has front legs that are noticeably long. The customized bee legs measure anywhere between seven and a little more than twenty three millimeters in length. The long legs of the Rediviva bee species are coated with long and dense hairs that are as smooth as velvet. These hairs soak up the snapdragon flower oil. The bees then mix the oil with pollen in order to make a nutritious bread-like meal. The oil and pollen preparation is created mainly to nourish their larvae, which live deep within underground nests. This substance is also used to coat the walls of their underground nests.
Dr. Pauw collaborated with other entomologists living in Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States in order to compare the leg lengths of the Rediviva of South Africa with other bee species around the world. After comparing the leg lengths of a variety of different species of bee, Dr. Pauw became confident that the Rediviva species of bee developed long legs in order to adapt to the changing anatomy of the nutritious flowers that they pollinate..
Do you think that there exists a variety of insects in the world that evolve in accordance with the flowers that they pollinate? Is it possible for all insects to adapt to the flowers that they feed on?